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False Information in Encyclopedias

Steven Jones


 

In this article I would like to briefly highlight the kind of dogmatic aggression that exists in contemporary encyclopedias whenever geocentricism is concerned. I cite only a few examples, however I believe that they are all quite poignant, because of their flaws. Below is a passage from Encyclopaedia Britannica:

Venus, Principal Characteristics

"Because Venus is closer to the Sun than is the Earth, it exhibits phases like those of the Moon. In fact, the discovery of these phases by the Italian scientist Galileo in 1610 was one of the most important in the history of astronomy. The prevailing view of Galileo's day was the assertion by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy that the Earth lies at the centre of the solar system. The observation of the phases of Venus is inconsistent with this view but is consistent with the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus' idea that the solar system is centred around the Sun. Galileo's observation of the phases of Venus provided the first direct observational evidence for Copernicus' theory."

© Encyclopaedia Britannica 2000 CD-ROM Deluxe.

Geocentricism is relegated to an "assertion," with inconsistencies, whilst heliocentrism has for the first time "direct observational evidence" that everything in the "solar system" is centred upon the sun. Proof therefore that the World is an insignificant piece of rock in a sea of space, except for one thing ... that the Apollonic, Ptolemaic, Tychonic and modified Tychonic geocentric models do account for the phases of Venus.

 

Figure 1: The phases of the Moon and Venus change accurately in this computer simulation of a geostationary universe.

 

World Book takes a similar offensive in its article entitled:

Astronomy, Galileo and Newton

"During the early 1600's, an Italian named Galileo was the first person to use a telescope to study the sky. Galileo's observations helped confirm the Copernican system. For example, he discovered that several moons revolve around Jupiter. This discovery showed that, contrary to the theories of Aristotle and Ptolemy, not all bodies revolve around the earth."

© World Book Encyclopaedia, 1997.

This is a misconception, simply because all Geocentric models from Apollonius onwards are perfectly compatible with moons of a particular planet revolving around that planet whilst at the same time the planet also revolves around the World.

Finally notice how Microsoft® Encarta '95 takes an accumulative approach of both Britannica and World Book in its article entitled:

Astronomy, The Copernican Theory

"Little attention was paid to the Copernican, or heliocentric, system until Galileo discovered evidence to support it. Long a secret admirer of Copernicus' work, Galileo saw his chance to test the Copernican theory of a moving earth when the telescope was invented in the Netherlands. He made (1609) a small refracting telescope, turned it skyward, and discovered the phases of Venus, indicating that this planet revolves around the sun; he also discovered four moons revolving around Jupiter, as well as the rings of Saturn. Convinced that some bodies, at least, do not circle the earth, he began to speak and write in favour of the Copernican system. His attempts to publicize the Copernican system caused him to be tried by the ecclesiastical authorities. Although he was forced to repudiate his beliefs and writings, the powerful theory could not be suppressed."

"Astronomy," Microsoft ® Encarta. Copyright © 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright © 1994 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation.

I will leave you to contemplate upon the "powerful theory that could not be suppressed" whilst closing with a scripture.

(Ps. 93:1b, KJV) " ... the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved."

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